1993-1997 - Chaim-Sheba Medical Center, Israel, board certificate in Psychiatry.
1991-1992- Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Israel, internship in Medicine.
1982-3, 1985-1991 - Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Israel M.D.
1981-1985- SUNY at Stony-Brook, NY, U.S.A. Ph.D. (Psychobiology)
Thesis: Auditory Evoked Potentials in Multiple Sclerosis:
Radiological(MRI), Psychophysical and Clinical correlates.
1976-1979 - Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel. B.Sc. (Biology).